345C Excavator Hydraulic System Swing Speed and Overswing on Level Ground - Check Caterpillar


Swing Speed and Overswing on Level Ground - Check
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Measuring the swing speed and the overswing of the machine will determine if there is a need to check the swing motor or the anti-reaction valve.

Note: Certain machines will default to "Economy Mode" at machine startup. Change to "High Hydraulic Power Mode" before performing the test procedure.

Note: The engine speed and/or the machine configuration that is used during this test can affect the results of this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Engine Performance - Test (Engine Speed)" for the engine speed that was used for this test. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Operational Checks" for the machine configurations that were used for this test.

Note: The relief valve pressure settings must be set to the relief valve pressure specification before this operational check is performed. Refer to Testing and Adjusting, "Specifications".

Table 1
Required Tools 
Description  Qty 
Measuring Tape 
Stopwatch 


Illustration 1g00297618

  1. Position the machine on level ground. Refer to Illustration 1.

  2. Stop the engine.


    Illustration 2g00293972
    (A) Upper frame
    (B) Undercarriage frame
    (C) Marking

  3. To indicate the relationship of the two positions, put a mark (C) on the inner race and the outer race of the swing bearing. The mark will be used as a target to stop the swing operation. Refer to Illustration 2.

  4. The bucket should be empty.

  5. Move the swing joystick in either direction until the machine completes a 180 degree swing operation away from the target.

  6. Move the swing joystick in either direction until the machine completes a 180 degree swing operation toward the target. Return the swing joystick to the NEUTRAL position at the target.

  7. Measure the amount of overswing by measuring the distance between the marks on the swing bearing. Refer to Illustration 2.

    Note: Use a point that is visible from the operator seat as a reference point for the target.

    Table 2
    Overswing 
    Item  New  Rebuild  Service Limit 
    Right Swing  1000 mm (39 inch) or less  1150 mm (45 inch) or less  1300 mm (51 inch) or less 
    Left Swing 

  8. Move the swing joystick in each direction and measure the time that is required to complete a 180 degree swing operation.

    Table 3
    Swing Time 
    Item  New  Rebuild  Service Limit 
    Right Swing  4.9 seconds or less  5.6 seconds or less  6.4 seconds or less 
    Left Swing 

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